Facebook

Twilter

LinkedIn

HOME ABOUT CONTACT RESOURCES

SAFETY AND SECURITY

WE SUPPLY INHERENTLY SAFE ENERGY. PERIOD. IT IS PASSIVELY SECURE TO HUMANS, THE ENVIRONMENT AND ALL OTHER POTENTIAL THREATS.


Inherently Safe – The Generation IV High Temperature Gas Reactor technology is the only one that has been declared “Inherently Safe” by the International Atomic Energy Agency, with no catastrophic failure models under any circumstances. Even if all controls fail and the operators take no actions at all – or even take the wrong ones – the nuclear reactors will automatically shut down as the temperature increases.

For more information on the Inherent Safety of the StarCore reactors, please read our article “Inside StarCore.

 

Reactor Design – The Reactor Pressure Vessel is connected to an Energy Transport System – ETS-1 – that uses helium, since this element does not become radioactive. It is constantly scrubbed to remove traces of dust and to make sure that the gas remains perfectly clean. This helium system is completely enclosed in the silos. The second energy transport system – ETS-2 – uses nitrogen that provides a pressure balance across the first stage heat exchanger in order to prevent the escape of any helium and completely isolate the silo from the plant. This system carries the energy to the modified gas turbines in the plant building that use a second heat exchanger to transfer the energy to fresh air used by the turbines. The exhaust from these units is just hot air, uncontaminated by anything, and this is available for water purification, space heating, and mineshaft ventilation.

 

Nuclear Boundary – All nuclear plants have a “Nuclear Boundary” which forms the containment for radioactive materials. The StarCore plant has three. The first boundary is at the surface of the fuel microsphere. The secondary is a helium primary loop. StarCore has located the third boundary in the super-concrete silo, unlike a classical nuclear reactor that has a primary boundary and a containment building.

 

Reactor Refueling and Containment – The reactors are never refueled on-site. The Reactor Pressure Vessel is an immensely strong unit, 2.5 meters in diameter and 6.5 meters high, made from nuclear-grade stainless steel. It is transported in a secure, certified container and lowered into the 55 meter deep silo using a special winch. The double walled silo is constructed from Ultra-High-Performance Concrete – “Super-Concrete” – that is as strong as steel, with an additional steel chamber for the reactor itself. StarCore replaces The Reactor Pressure Vessel every five years.

 

Plant Access – The StarCore plant is open to the public at the front with a bridge that leads to an internal viewing gallery that has armor-quality glass overlooking the turbine room. The turbines and control systems are in an internal controlled access citadel constructed from the same super-concrete as the silos.

Inside StarCore > StarCore Design >

DETAILS

THE HIGH TEMPERATURE GAS REACTOR (HTGR) IS DEFINED BY THE IAEA AS “AN INHERENTLY SAFE NUCLEAR REACTOR CONCEPT WITH AN EASILY UNDERSTOOD SAFETY BASIS”.


Operational

  • Standard unit produces 20 MWe and 36 MWth, expandable to 100 MWe. Facility occupies 100m x 30m area. No barbed-wire or fences necessary.
  • No capital expenditure required. StarCore operates on a Build – Own – Operate – Decommission basis and uses a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) over the life of the reactor.  A typical PPA would cost the consumer at least 25% less than the closest off-grid competitor.
  • HTGR reactor units are embedded 15m underground in Ultra High Strength Concrete (UHSC) silos. 2 reactor units per standard plant.
  • Units are helium-cooled. Helium does not become radioactive.
  • Heat and electricity production can be adjusted dynamically.
  • Units are monitored remotely via satellite.
  • TRISO fuel compacts supplied by BWX Technologies. Each reactor has a 5-year refuelling schedule with uninterrupted power provided throughout refuelling.
  • Reactor units are small enough to be delivered by truck.
  • Additional benefits include: fresh water production, industrial waste heat, and internet connectivity.

 

Safety

  • The HTGR is inherently safe due to its steep negative thermal coefficient, eliminating the possibility of a core meltdown.
  • Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) is inconsequential as helium does not become radioactive.
  • No radiation leakage, so there is no effect to soil or groundwater and no clean-up/wait period required after the plant is removed.
  • TRISO fuel compacts are low enriched uranium pellets ingrained in a carbon matrix and are unsuitable to be used for any type of nuclear or dirty weapon.
  • StarCore reactor silos are 15m deep and made of UHSC with four 10 tonne caps, making them more stable and impenetrable than military missile silos.
  • Human error, destruction of facility, or any failures in plant operation do not affect the reactor vessels.

 

Environment

  • Zero carbon emission facility.
  • Requires 2 magnitudes less land area than an equivalent solar or wind farm.
  • Provides base-load power, so can replace equivalent fossil fuel generators. Also load-follows.
  • As a base-load source with load-following capabilities, additional renewable sources on the same energy network will be more efficient and cost less.
  • Provides fresh water as an additional benefit.
StarCore Spec Sheet >

STARCORE IS ECO-FRIENDLY

NO REFUELING ON SITE. NO WASTE ON SITE. EMITS NO RADIATION OR
POLLUTANTS OF ANY KIND.


Eco-Friendly – The StarCore Nuclear Plant is 100 meters long, 30 meters wide and has a low profile.  It was designed for StarCore by the award-winning architects of Cooper Gardner in Bermuda to be naturally beautiful, blend into the surrounding terrain, and bring a sense of peace and security to the environment. It does not emit any pollution – ever – and there is no used fuel or other hazardous material stored on the site. The plant is centered in a park-like setting, with an access road and a circular perimeter track that can be used for exercise. It only requires a fraction of the area needed for wind or solar plants. This topic is discussed in the article below on Energy Density.

StarCore Clean Energy – The StarCore Plant generates 20 MW of electrical energy and 10 MW of thermal energy, from two independent units each generating half of this total output. 30 StarCore Plants produce 600 MW total. And nothing else; no pollutants, no toxins, nothing. In contrast a typical 600 MW coal plant generates:

  • 5 million tons of CO2 per year
  • 114 pounds of lead
  • 4 pounds of cadmium
  • other toxic heavy metals
  • trace amounts of radioactive materials
  • 720 tons of carbon monoxide
  • 220 tons of hydrocarbons
  • volatile organic compounds (VOC), which form ozone
  • 225 pounds of arsenic

All from one coal plant, each year.

Energy Density >

STARCORE MEANS RELIABILITY

FULLY AUTOMATED OPERATION. OUTPUT ADJUSTS TO FOLLOW LOAD. POWER TO DEPEND ON FOR EVERYDAY NEEDS OR EMERGENCIES.


Fully Automated Operation – StarCore is fully automated, and has only two operating states; Load Following and Shutdown. It is designed to support extremely high utilization rates, and every aspect of the design is optimized for safety, security, and reliability.

 

StarCore HyperVector Control – StarCore uses a very advanced Instrumentation and Control system that has been deployed on many critical space missions. It defines total system operation as State Loci in an n-dimensional matrix (usually of several thousand dimensions), with each loci being defined by an n-dimensional vector; hence the name – HyperVector Control. This very sophisticated system also predicts State Vectors, which are used to calculate the time to failure for every component in the plant.  It has a triple-redundant design with a satellite link to StarCore Central, where plant operation is monitored and shutdown if necessary.

 

Load Following – StarCore is a co-generation plant, and produces super-heated steam as well as heated pure air from the exhaust of the turbines. The Energy Transfer Control System (ETCS) shuttles the hot nitrogen between the turbine and the super-heated steam output and provides short-time-constant load following; longer-term load following is provided by changing the mass transfer rate in the ETS; as less energy is transferred the reactor gets hotter and it automatically generates less energy.



STARCORE MEANS AFFORDABILITY

STARCORE ONLY CHARGES FOR THE ELECTRICITY AND THERMAL ENERGY. WE BUILD-OWN-OPERATE THE PLANT AND DECOMMISSION THE SITE.


Zero Build Costs – StarCore uses a Build-Own-Operate-Decommission Plan. StarCore does not sell the plant, and instead uses a Power Purcahse Agreement for the electric and thermal energy.

 

Zero Licensing Costs – StarCore Nuclear Reactors are built and licensed on a production line, and shipped in a fully fueled quiescent state with all the reaction control mechanisms fully deployed and interlocked in place. StarCore is responsible for the plant construction and obtaining the environmental license, carrying out the necessary tests and obtaining the operational license.

 

Zero Operational Costs – The StarCore Plants are fully automated and monitored from StarCore Central, which can also shut them down. There is also an emergency operations room at the site.

 

Zero Decommissioning Costs – The StarCore Build-Own-Operate-Decommission operational model is designed to ensure that there is the necessary financing and responsibility in place to fully remove the plant and restore the site to the original condition when it is no longer needed. The financial model needed to achieve this has been designed by StarCore, and will be examined as part of the licensing process when plants are commissioned.



STARCORE MEANS HOPE

ELECTRICITY, WATER, ENERGY. FOR COMMUNITIES THAT HAVE LITTLE OF ONE
AND LESS OF THE OTHERS.


The StarCore Vision – StarCore will bring clean safe energy and abundant water; StarCore brings hope to those most in need.

 

The StarCore Mission – StarCore will provide sustainable energy and clean water to those communities most in need; those who have to incur unreasonable financial and environmental costs for limited access. Our operations will utilize inherently safe, proven nuclear technology that can survive the worst possible incidents and not adversely affect the surrounding community. StarCore will utilize the best technologies available and employ best practices for our operations.  We will bring a new hope to those who have none.

 

The StarCore Values 

Safety and Security – We are responsible for the safety and security of our plants, and these two responsibilities are the key drivers in every aspect of our business.

 

Environment – We are stewards of the environment in which we operate and will assume responsibility for maintaining the well being of all areas of operation.

 

Sustainability – Our objective is to provide a sustainable means of delivery for all products and services, no matter what the cost.

 

Success – We will measure our success by the response of the communities we serve.

 

Social Commitment – We will hold ourselves and our business partners to the highest standard of excellence.

Learn More >


Our plant fits an identified, attractive market in Canada, with major overseas growth opportunities; profit potential is significant.  

StarCore’s 30 MWe nuclear reactor is safe, reliable and operated remotely. This makes it ideal for two types of frontier customers in Canada – mines and villages. These customers currently rely on diesel generation and propane, which are expensive and increasingly unreliable due to shrinking ice road capacity.  For the two dozen mines we have identified, we can offer electricity and heat at prices well below the mine’s alternative cost and still be highly profitable.  Villages are currently heavily subsidized by governments and utilities.  For the larger villages, or those near mines, we can offer retail customers electricity at attractive prices, enable community development, substantially reduce the subsidies, and earn strong profits.

 

Beyond Canada, there are 1.3 billion people worldwide who have no access to electricity, and another billion relying on expensive diesel generation.  Using the experience gained in Canada, we will offer affordable electricity and clean water to customers in this huge market, significantly improving their living standards and health, while earning attractive profits.

 

Our design is an enhancement of proven technology, and can be commercialized quickly; competition is limited.  

StarCore’s High Temperature Gas Reactor (HTGR) is a derivative of designs developed in the 1950’s and 1960’s, and successfully employed commercially in applications worldwide.

We have signed a service agreement with the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission and believe the licensing process for our technology will be expedited.  We are prepared to complete the design and detailed engineering, build, and begin operating at least two pilot plants in Canada within five years.  We have identified one customer that is highly receptive to a pilot plant, and have had productive discussions with other customers concerning their sites.

The HTGR is highly likely to be the fastest route for small reactor commercialization, and our immediate HTGR competition is not focussed on our target market segments, nor do they appear to have control systems suitable for remote applications.  Other reactor developers offer larger units aimed at different markets, or have a slower licensing path.

 

Our technology is inherently safe.  

HTGR technology is the only nuclear technology recognized by the International Atomic Energy Agency as “inherently safe”, which is unprecedented in the world of nuclear energy. It will not release radioactivity, and fuel cannot be diverted for terrorist purposes.  StarCore’s sites will be impenetrable and unobtrusive.  Our remote control systems technology is proven.  We will be responsible – from implementation through operations, and at decommissioning – for total life cycle management.

 

Our business supports important social objectives.  

StarCore’s units will have a very low carbon footprint – we are nuclear, and our approach will use modular construction and minimize waste.  Our installations will displace diesel and propane, supporting larger efforts to combat climate change.  We will be part of global efforts to end energy poverty, enable higher living standards, supply clean water, and improve human health.

David Dabney

CEO, StarCore Nuclear

October 2013

MEET STARCORE >

Contact Us

  Contact StarCore

StarCore Specifications Sheet


Open in your browser

Download File

StarCore Plant Information Sheet

An introduction to the StarCore plant design


Open in your browser

Download File

What StarCore Is and Is Not

A comparison of the StarCore plant design to existing perceptions of nuclear power.


Open in your browser

Download File

Facility Design 1

Perspective of the StarCore plant facility

Large: 2500 x 1440

Medium: 1920 x 1080

Small: 1280 x 1024

Facility Design 2

Perspective of the StarCore plant facility

Large: 2500 x 1440

Medium: 1920 x 1080

Small: 1280 x 1024

Facility Design 3

Perspective of the StarCore plant facility

Large: 2500 x 1440

Medium: 1920 x 1080

Small: 1280 x 1024

StarCore Means Safety

StarCore Means Clean Energy

StarCore Means Safety

StarCore Means Affordable Energy

StarCore Means Hope for Those in Need



StarCore Nuclear
377 de la Commune West
Montréal, Quebec H2Y 2E2, Canada
info@starcorenuclear.ca